Polymersization is the process where monomers join together to make a large molecule known as a polymer. Some common polymers and their monomers include:
- Polyethylene and ethylene
- Polystyrene and styrene
- Polyvinyl Chloride and vinyl chloride
- Nylon and diamines & dicarboxylic acids
- Polycarbonate and bisphenol A
Polymersization occurs when the monomers bond together with their covalent bonds, forming a chain-like structure that we know as a polymer. The covalent bonds are formed when electrons are shared between the different monomer molecules.
During the course of polymerization, the monomer molecules bond together to form a much larger structure. This structure is then known as the polymer. In some cases, the polymer molecules are created in the form of a three-dimensional network.
For example, nylon is formed through the combination of diamines and dicarboxylic acids. During this process, the two molecules link together to form a polymer with a three-dimensional network structure.
Polymersization is an important process in the production of various materials, such as plastics, coatings, adhesives, and rubbers. The process of polymerization is also used to create biopolymers found in living organisms, such as proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides.