Relativism is an ethical system that holds that an individual’s beliefs and values should be judged in relation to the individual’s opinion, rather than relative to an absolute or universal standard. It is the idea that what is right or wrong is relative to the individual and is based on their personal views, morals, and experiences. Relativism is considered to be a subset of the following ethical system: moral subjectivism.
Moral subjectivism, or ethical subjectivism, is the belief that individual ethics and values are based on an individual’s personal perspective, rather than absolute or universal standards. This system holds that an individual’s morals and values are based on their own opinions and perspectives, not on any absolute or universal rules. Moral subjectivism allows individuals to make decisions based on their own judgement rather than relying on an outside source or absolute for guidance.
Relativism and moral subjectivism differ in their view on ethical principles. Relativism states that ethical principles are relative to each individual, while moral subjectivism states that ethical principles are subjective to an individual’s opinion. Relativism allows individual judgement to determine what is right or wrong, while moral subjectivism states that an individual’s morals and values are based on personal opinion, not absolute principles. However, the two concepts do share the belief that the individual has the right to choose their own beliefs and values, without pressure from external standards or sources.
Relativism is a subset of the ethical system known as moral subjectivism. It is a belief in the individual ethics and values based on personal judgement, and not on an absolute or universal standard. Relativism is a flexible system which allows individuals to make decisions based on their own judgement, while still allowing for the idea that what is right or wrong is subjective to an individual’s opinion.