Type 2 diabetes mellitus, also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is a condition that affects the way the body processes glucose. It is the most common form of diabetes, and is typically characterized by high blood sugar, lack of insulin, and other metabolic disorders.
The four main characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus are:
- High Blood Glucose: People with type 2 diabetes typically have persistently high levels of blood glucose.
- Insulin Resistance: People with type 2 diabetes are typically resistant to insulin and unable to use it effectively.
- Increased Lipids: People with type 2 diabetes often have higher levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and lower levels of good cholesterol (HDL).
- Excess Weight: Excess weight is often associated with type 2 diabetes.
However, the following is not characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus:
Low Blood Glucose:
Though blood glucose levels are typically higher in people with type 2 diabetes, they can drop too low due to certain medications and diet changes. Low blood glucose, also known as hypoglycemia, can be dangerous and must be managed with diet and medications.
Overall, type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects many aspects of a person’s life. It is important to understand the characteristics of this condition, as well as the treatments available, in order to effectively manage it.