Measurement and Recording of Weather

People have been measuring and recording weather for hundreds of years. With the development of technology, it has become easier for us to measure and record the weather accurately. Weather observations include more than just temperature, pressure, and humidity. Other elements such as wind speed and direction, precipitation, dew point, and cloud cover are also taken into account. These measurements can be taken with various instruments, including thermometers, anemometers, barometers, and rain gauges, among others.

Weather & Climate Prediction

Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location. In other words, it is the prediction of the future atmosphere of a certain place. A forecast can be generated using the information gathered through weather observation. Weather forecasts are made using mathematical models of the atmosphere coupled with numerical methods. These models and methods are used to generate predictions in a variety of timeframes, from hours to weeks in the future.

Requirements for the Weather Merit Badge

  • Define meteorology.
  • Name five dangerous weather-related conditions.
  • Explain the difference between high and low pressure.
  • Identify the causes of most weather changes.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of air masses and fronts.
  • Explain five effects of weather on people.
  • List five sources of weather information.
  • Discuss severe weather safety.


Understanding weather is important for everyone. Being prepared for extreme weather can help protect our health, safety, and property. To earn the Weather Merit Badge, Scouts must be knowledgeable in meteorology, weather-related conditions, and safety precautions. The Weather Merit Badge will help Scouts be better prepared for any kind of weather they may encounter.

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