Sacral Rubor – Reactive Hyperemia
Sacral rubor, also known as reactive hyperemia, is an abnormal condition in which the tissue around the sacrum (tailbone) becomes red or discolored due to a lack of pressure. This condition can arise from a variety of causes including prolonged bed rest, sitting in one place for a extended period of time, and even lying on a hard surface. It is important to assess and monitor individuals with this condition to ensure they are receiving adequate pressure relief.
What Causes Sacral Rubor?
The most common causes of sacral rubor include prolonged bed rest, sitting in one place for an extended period of time, and even lying on a hard surface. Prolonged pressure on the skin can cause the skin and underlying muscle to become inflamed, leading to pain, redness, heat, and swelling. As such, it is important to ensure people are well supported while in bed or sitting for prolonged periods of time, and that the surface they are lying on is supportive and comfortable.
How To Monitor Sacral Rubor
If an individual is suspected of having sacral rubor, a health professional should evaluate the individual to assess the condition and recommend appropriate treatment. Treatment may include pressure relieving devices such as a pressure cushion, bedding, and pillows that have been specifically designed to reduce pressure on the skin. The individual should also be encouraged to change positions regularly and to avoid prolonged sitting or lying in one position. Proper nutrition, hydration, and adequate rest are also important in maintaining skin integrity.
Sacral rubor, or reactive hyperemia, can be an uncomfortable and potentially dangerous condition. To prevent it from occurring, individuals should be provided with adequate cushioning and support while lying or sitting in one position for extended periods of time. Health professionals should assess and monitor individuals suspected of having the condition in order to provide the best care possible and to reduce the risk of further complications.